Blueprint for the Clean, Sustainable Energy Age

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Key words: Clean Energy, Global Energy Charter, International Standards, UN

Abstract

There is a growing world-wide awareness that fossil and fissile energy resources will soon be depleted and that a much better protection of the health, biosphere and climate from the hazards and risks of conventional energy systems is urgently needed.

The CLEAN ENERGY 2000 conference with the active participation of many UN agencies, NGOs, universities and industry experts from over 100 nations dealt with clean energy policies, implementation strategies and tools, such as the international standardization committees ISO/TC 197 for Hydrogen, ISO/TC 203 for Technical Energy Systems Analyses, Energy Statistics Methodologies, the updated Global Energy Charter for Sustainable Development and conceived the historic ”Blueprint for the Clean Sustainable Energy Age”.

These tools allow to plan, finance and implement cleaner, more efficient energy systems effectively and sustainably in industrial and developing countries alike.  The ISO 13600 standards series enables legislators, planners and decision makers to compare energy systems with all their external costs and risks in conjunction with other ISO standards on energy systems, quality and environmental management.

The Blueprint for Clean, Sustainable Energy Age contains all above tools and

  • The roles of UN Agencies, Commissions, Intergovernmental and NGO Agencies
  • Energy Impacts on the Economy, Environment, Climate and Health
  • Depletion of Non-Renewable Energy Resources and Conservation
  • Energy Costing in the Total Economic, Social & Ecological Context
  • Energy Efficiency Impacts and Options
  • Renewable Energy Solutions, Cost and Future Market Shares
  • Clean Transport Solutions
  • Sustainable Habitat and Industry
  • Financial Mechanisms for the Clean, Sustainable Energy Age
  • Clean Energy Implementation Steps
  • National and Regional Energy Characteristics and Case Studies


Introduction

The history of technical energy systems started in the stone age when humans started to make fires by friction rods and spark stones and used biomass to heat caves and to cook primitive meals.  Later the wind force was used to move simple sail ships and to turn the wheels of the first wind mills.  Animal power with simple gears and water mills were added as additional forms of renewable energy.

With the discovery of fossil fuels and the development of electricity energy started to become an industry which was growing into a mighty octopus and ultimately became the largest single economic and industrial sector with a lot of political weight, often causing oil wars and creating power monopolies with huge generating units, large power grids and pipeline systems, nearly all of them relying on polluting, non-renewable energy in the hands of governments and huge multinationals.

Independent small power producers and environmentally compatible new energy technologies had little chance to compete with the energy giants, who tried everything to keep their dominating position world-wide until legislation was spreading for the liberalization of the power business, by enforcing anti-trust laws and breaking up the power production, transmission and distribution trusts.

However, the main power suppliers, the petroleum multinationals and national oil companies continued to control the energy business with over 80 % market share.  Only in the nineties a few major oil companies started to think about the longer term resource depletion problem and looked hesitantly at renewable energy alternatives.

Environmental Imperatives

In the eighties more and more scientists and environmentalists started to prove that the threats to the health, biosphere and climatic balance by polluting energy must be eliminated by clean, renewable systems.  The first and second oil shock made people think more about alternative solutions, followed by a virtual R&D rush into new, benign energy system developments, including photovoltaics, hydrogen, advanced biomass systems, wind power and heat pumps.  However the R&D balance continued to be awfully biased towards the risky non-renewable systems of the mighty power lobbies, including “clean” coal (with the highest specific CO2 emission !!), deep sea drilling, hot fusion and new fission ideas in order to cement the dominating role of the power lobbies with their centralized generation concept.

Desperate efforts by the developers of small, decentralized energy systems received only in the nineties some encouragement by state-enforced special electricity rate compensations, sparing subsidies and “solar energy exchange” cooperatives by a few liberal power companies and self-help groups of idealistic NGOs.

New Energy Age

With all energy options becoming evident to more and more people in our limitless communication age and with the growing awareness about the external, social cost and risks of unsustainable, wasteful energy systems, the logic of a decentralized, more efficient clean energy economy cannot be concealed any more from critical consumers and responsible politicians.

Therefore renewable, decentralized energies will replace finite energy resources in the foreseeable future, creating a new technology drive, a lot of new clean jobs and making users and poor nations less dependent on energy from business lobbies, since humankind will be able to produce their own solar energy on their roofs, from their bio-waste, from decentralized windmills, small hydro turbines and local geothermal heat sources, producing even clean fuels and electricity for their own mobility needs.

Thus, the importance of huge central grids will diminish similar to the breathtaking trend away from a few mainframe computers to innumerable PCs and laptops.

The Blueprint for the Clean, Sustainable Energy Age

To cope with the new situation the Global Sustainable Energy Coalition, supported by farsighted UN agencies, governments, NGOs, universities and industrial pioneers, compiled the “Blueprint for the Clean, Sustainable Energy Age”, which contains all political, legislative, technical and financial tools to reach the noble goal of a fully sustainable energy economy.  See also “The importance of international standards”.

This Blueprint deals with the causes of the environmental and health problems, the depletion constraints, the ways and means for more energy efficiency, all presently known renewable energy generation technologies with their total cost, the importance of sustainable architecture and clean mobility, the means how to redirect investments from destructive ends to benign, sustainable concepts to the extent of trillions of Euros and Dollars - away from corruption channels, arms and oil wars.

The “Blueprint for the Clean, Sustainable Energy Age” contains following chapters 

 Ø     The roles of UN Agencies,  Commissions, Intergovernmental and NGO Agencies
 Ø     Energy Impacts on the Economy,  Environment, Climate and Health
 Ø     Depletion of Non-Renewable  Energy Resources and Conservation
 Ø     Energy Costing in the Total Economic, Social & Ecological Context
 Ø     Energy Efficiency Impacts and Options
 Ø     Renewable Energy Solutions, Cost and Future Market Shares
 Ø     Clean Transport Solutions
 Ø     Sustainable Habitat and  Industry
 Ø     Financial Mechanisms for the Clean, Sustainable Energy Age
 Ø     Clean Energy Implementation Steps
 Ø     National and Regional Energy  Characteristics



It was written by some of the most competent experts in each field and will be translated into the main world languages, distributed at the Johannesburg Summit on Sustainable Development and to all decision makers and libraries in all 190 nations.

The Global Energy Charter

After the disappointing 2nd World Climate Conference in Geneva in 1990, which was sabotaged by the USA and oil lobbies and after the issue of the unsustainable European Energy Charter, aimed at the exploitation of fossil resources in Eastern Europe, the UN-NGO group of energy experts decided then to formulate a Global Energy Charter which protects life, health, climate and the biosphere from emissions.

At the World Clean Energy Conference which took place demonstratively in the same Geneva Congress halls, exactly one year later, the Global Energy Charter for Sustainable Development was formulated by minister-level experts from many governments, major NGOs, top academia and industry representatives from over 70 nations as a policy guideline and implementation tool for the new clean energy age.

The reactionary energy lobby groups tried to boycott this Charter with the help from oil and coal producing nations and succeeded to keep energy out of the Rio Conference on Environment & Development (UNCED) in 1992, to continue this game in all Climate Conferences in Berlin, Kyoto, The Hague and Marrakech, where the USA boycotted the Kyoto protocol and still stubbornly tries to ignore the Charter.

Nevertheless, international support for a new energy policy was growing and many of the Global Energy Charter principles are embedded now in several national energy policies and legislations, including the European Union, where renewable energies and environmental protection are going to play a dominant role.

Main principles of the Global Energy Charter for Sustainable Development

  1. Reduce energy-related atmospheric emissions, and enact strict legislation for ecological performance standards and labelling for energy services and systems.

  2. Establish clear guidelines and internationally standardised evaluation methods for determining the external effects and risks of all energy systems.

  3. Create international, regional, national and local programs for energy efficiency improvements, safety controls, waste management and emissions reductions.

  4. Create programs for the substitution of non-renewable energy resources by environmentally benign sustainable energy technologies.

  5. Introduce full-cost pricing to reflect accurately the total life-cycle social and environmental costs of energy production & consumption.

  6. Establish sustainable energy funds to finance energy efficiency improvements and the best available environmentally sound energy technologies.

  7. Promote and monitor the Global Energy Charter for Sustainable Development and develop new financial mechanisms involving the private and public sectors.

  8. Promote world-wide cooperation and exchange of technologies, expertise, education, training programs and statistics for environmentally sound energy technologies, energy efficiency, performance standards, safety codes, methods of energy costing and means of internalising external costs.

See full updated text with more detaileds on website www.cmdc.net

The International Sustainable Energy Agency ISEO

After the very disappointing preparation process for the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg, where reactionary energy lobbies removed all serious action towards a transition from the polluting to the clean energy age, it became clear that with ISEO an effective body is urgently needed to start this transition according to following energy forecast: